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Infusions 

    Originally established as an oncology and hematology practice, Horizon Medical Center has expanded to meet the community's need. Horizon now provides many types of infusions including treatment for Crohn's disease, osteoporosis, psoriasis, dehydration, rheumatoid arthritis, sickle cell, migraines and many other afflictions.

       

 

Crohn's Disease   

    Crohn's disease may also be called ileitis or enteritis. It causes inflammation in the small intestine. Crohn's disease usually occurs in the lower part of the small intestine, called the ileum, but it can affect any part of the digestive tract, from the mouth to the anus. The inflammation extends deep into the lining of the affected organ. The inflammation can cause pain and can make the intestines empty frequently, resulting in diarrhea.

    Crohn's disease is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), the general name for diseases that cause inflammation in the intestines. Crohn's disease can be difficult to diagnose because its symptoms are similar to other intestinal disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome and to another type of IBD called ulcerative colitis. Ulcerative colitis causes inflammation and ulcers in the top layer of the lining of the large intestine.

    Crohn's disease affects men and women equally and seems to run in some families. About 20 percent of people with Crohn's disease have a blood relative with some form of IBD, most often a brother or sister and sometimes a parent or child.

    For more information click here.

Osteoporosis

    Osteoporosis, bone condition characterized by a decrease in mass, resulting in bones that are more porous and more easily fractured than normal bones. Fractures of the wrist, spine, and hip are most common; however, all bones can be affected. White females are the most susceptible, but other risk factors include low calcium intake; inadequate physical activity; certain drugs, such as corticosteroids, (see Corticoids); and a family history of the disease.

    The most common form of the disease, primary osteoporosis, includes postmenopausal, or estrogen-deficient, osteoporosis (Type I), which is observed in women whose ovaries have ceased to produce the hormone estrogen; age-related osteoporosis (Type II), which affects those over the age of 70; and idiopathic osteoporosis, a rare disorder of unknown cause that affects premenopausal women and men who are middle-aged or younger. Secondary osteoporosis may be caused by bone disuse as a result of paralysis or other conditions, including weightlessness in space; endocrine and nutritional disorders, including anorexia nervosa; specific disease processes; and certain drug therapies.

    Recent research has shown that the development of osteoporosis is also related to a gene that determines the type of vitamin D receptor (VDR) a person inherits. The VDR gene exists in two forms, one of which produces a receptor that stores calcium more efficiently than the other. People who inherit two copies of the more efficient VDR gene develop high bone densities. Those who inherit two copies of the less efficient gene have somewhat less strong bones.

    Prevention and treatment of osteoporosis include synthetic estrogen or progestin therapy or both for postmenopausal women, intake of calcium and other nutrients, weight-bearing exercise, and drugs such as calcitonin and alendronate sodium, a nonhormonal treatment for osteoporosis. In December 1997 a new synthetic estrogen called raloxifene was approved for treating osteoporosis. Like other estrogen therapies, raloxifene increases bone density, but with fewer side effects than earlier types of synthetic estrogen.

   For more information, click here.

Psoriasis

    Psoriasis is a persistent skin disease that got its name from the Greek word for "itch." The skin becomes inflamed, producing red, thickened areas with silvery scales, most often on the scalp, elbows, knees, and lower back.

    In some cases, psoriasis is so mild that people don't know they have it. At the opposite extreme, severe psoriasis may cover large areas of the body. Doctors can help even the most severe cases.

    Psoriasis cannot be passed from one person to another, though it is more likely to occur in people whose family members have it. In the United States two out of every hundred people have psoriasis (four to five million people). Approximately 150,000 new cases occur each year.

   For more information, click here.

Dehydration

    Dehydration is loss of water and important blood salts like potassium (K+) and sodium (Na+). Vital organs like the kidneys, brain, and heart canít function without a certain minimum of water and salt. Dehydration can be caused by losing too much fluid, not drinking enough water or fluids, or a combination of both. The most common cause of dehydration is loss through vomiting and diarrhea from a virus.

    Because of their smaller body weights and higher turnover rates for water and electrolytes, infants and children are more susceptible to dehydration than adults. The elderly and those with an illness are also at higher risk.

    Dehydration is classified as mild, moderate, or severe based on the percentage of body weight lost. When severe, dehydration is a life-threatening emergency. Intravenous fluids (IVs) will quickly reverse dehydration. Untreated severe dehydration may result in seizures, permanent brain damage, or death. But when dehydration is recognized and treated promptly, the outcome is generally good.

   For more information, click here.

Rheumatoid Arthritis   

    Arthritis literally means "inflammation of a joint". Since there are any number of factors that can cause inflammation of a joint, there are many types of arthritis.

    Some examples of arthritis include osteoarthritis, psoriatic arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and gout. Each of these may affect the patient differently and may have significantly different complications. It is, therefore, very important to know the exact type or form or arthritis that you may be treating.

    Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a chronic, systemic, inflammatory disease that chiefly affects the synovial membranes of multiple joints in the body. Because the disease is systemic, there are many extra-articular features of the disease as well.

    For more information, click here.

Migraines

   Migraine headaches typically affect one side of the head. They can last anywhere from a few hours to a few days. Some people have them weekly, others have fewer than one a year. Migraines usually begin sometime between the teen years and the age of 40, and can be classified as either ""classic'' or ""common.''

    At the onset of a migraine, the blood vessels in your head first shrink, then swell, causing pain. Tension, bright lights, loud noises, strong smells, weather changes, fatigue, missed meals, and emotional upset all may trigger a migraine. The headaches may also be brought on by many common foods and beverages, including lunch meat, hot dogs, alcohol, beans, coffee or tea, cheese, chocolate, nuts, pickles, raisins, and canned soup. Artificial sweeteners can trigger a migraine. Many women get the headaches before or during their monthly period.

    You may know you are going to have a migraine before the headache starts. Warning signs include nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to noise, light, or smells. Classic migraines begin with warning signs such as flashing lights or colors. You may feel as though you are looking through a tunnel. One side of your body may feel prickly, hot, or weak. These warning signs last about 15 to 30 minutes and are followed by pain in your head. Common migraines do not have the same warning signs. However, you may feel tired, depressed, restless, or talkative for 2 or 3 days before the headache starts.

   For more information, click here.

 
 

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